The goal of Douglas
Island Pink and Chum, Inc. is to sustain and enhance valuable salmon resources
of the State of Alaska for the economic, social, and cultural benefit
of all citizens, and to promote public understanding of Alaska's salmon
resources and salmon fisheries through research, education, and tourism.
In 1974 the Alaska State Legislature and Governor
authorized the Department of Fish & Game to issue permits to private
non-profit (PNP) salmon hatcheries for the purpose of enhancing the State's
common property fisheries. The concept of PNP hatcheries refers to a unique
program in Alaska that allows private non-profit corporations to own and
operate salmon hatcheries for improving the harvests of salmon. In 1976,
the State Legislature established a revolving loan fund through the Department
of Commerce and Economic Development specifically for providing grants
and loans for hatchery planning, construction, operation, and implementation
of fisheries enhancement and rehabilitation activities.
Douglas Island Pink & Chum, Inc. (DIPAC) was formed in 1976 by a group
of Juneau residents responding to this legislation and our community's
depleted fisheries resource. The Kowee Creek Hatchery was formed in 1976
as the first "Mom and Pop" hatchery in the Juneau area. DIPAC
received its first construction loan for the Sheep Creek Hatchery in 1980,
after the first successful return at Kowee Creek in 1979. After significant
returns and a positive contribution to local fisheries, the Macaulay Salmon
Hatchery project was considered by our local state senator, representatives
and their constituents. Through their efforts and local community support
from Haines and Juneau, the Macaulay Salmon Hatchery and its various salmon
enhancement programs became a reality for the Juneau community in 1989.
Most recently, in July 1996, DIPAC took over the operations of the Snettisham
Hatchery located 30 miles south of Juneau.
The economics of PNP hatcheries were also established by the State Legislature.
DIPAC operates as a business through a cost recovery program whereby State
permits allow PNP hatcheries to harvest a certain portion of the returning
fish to generate revenue to cover operational costs. DIPAC's goal is to
contribute 60% of its production to the common property fisheries and
40% of production to the cost recovery harvest.
DIPAC is currently governed by a Board of Directors consisting of 32 seats
as follows: 1 power troll; 1 purse seine; 6 gillnet; 1 Processor; 10 sport
fishing; 1 City and Borough of Juneau; 1 environmental; 10 public at large;
and 1 subsistence. The gillnet representatives give major guidance to
the production of DIPAC's chum and sockeye production and the sportsmen
give the same guidance for the production of king and coho salmon.
DIPAC currently incubates, rears and releases four species of Pacific
salmon; chum, chinook, coho and sockeye. The chum and sockeye species
are produced for the commercial fleets, whereas the chinook and coho were
initially produced for the Juneau and Haines sport fishing fleets. Since
the mid 1980's, DIPAC has relied on pink and chum production as the primary
source of cost recovery income. Over the past several years, the chinook
and coho programs have contributed to both sport fishing enhancement efforts
as well as DIPAC's own cost recovery requirements. And as the sockeye
program evolves, DIPAC will harvest a portion of that production as well
to help pay for operating costs.